PL EN


2016 | 23 | 1 |
Article title

The New Devolution in Wales as a Result of Emerging the Small Nation

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
In this article, an author proves that devolution based on the national identity fosters political development in Wales. The main historical facts are briefly recalled, coming smoothly to Tony Blair’s reforms and their partly failure. Author considers them as irreversible process’ elements, later continued by David Cameron who saw them as vital to awake national identity of Wales. Such efforts finally result in economic success of the whole region, based on devolution of powers, as it is concluded at the end. 
Year
Volume
23
Issue
1
Physical description
Dates
published
2016
online
2017-04-04
Contributors
References
  • The Welsh Church Act 1914 (1914, c. 91)
  • The Welsh Language Act 1993 (1993, c. 38)
  • The Government of Wales Act 1998 (1998, c. 32)
  • The Government of Wales Act 2006 (2006, c. 32)
  • The Succession to the Crown Act 2013 (2013, c. 20)
  • The Wales Act 2014 (2014, c. 29)
  • Ackroyd, P. 2012. London. A Concise Biography, Vintage, London
  • Altermatt, U. 1998. Sarajewo przestrzega. Etnonacjonalizm w Europie, Znak, Kraków
  • Blacburn, R., Kennon, A. 2003. Parliament. Functions, Practice and Procedures, Sweet
  • & Maxwell, London
  • Bogdanor, V. 1999. Devolution in the UK, Oxford University Press, Oxford
  • Bokszczanin, I. 2003. Rząd Zjednoczonego Królestwa Wielkiej Brytanii i Północnej Irlandii, [in:] Rządy w państwach Europy, E. Zieliński, I. Bokszczanin (ed.), Elipsa, Warszawa
  • Bradley, A. 2004. The Sovereignty of Parliament – Form or Substance [in:] The Changing Constitution, J. Jowell & D. Oliver (ed.), Oxford University Press, Oxford
  • Burns, W.E.. 2010. A Brief History of Great Britain, FactsOnFile, New York
  • Carman, C.J. 2015. United Kingdom [in:] Politics in Europe, M.D. Hancock et al. (ed.),
  • 6th edition, SAGE, London
  • Chandler, J.A., 2009. Local government today, Manchester University Press, Manchester http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0963926800009287
  • Cole, A., 2006. Beyond Devolution and decentralisation. Building regional capacity in Wales and Brittany, Manchester University Press, Manchester http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719070921001.0001
  • Copus, C. 2006. Leading the Localities. Executive Mayors in English Local Government, Manchester University Press, Manchester
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719071867.001.0001
  • Davies, N. 2004. Europa, Znak, Kraków
  • Davies, N. 2003. Wyspy, Znak, Kraków
  • Dunleavy, P. 2006. The Westminster Model and the Distinctivness of British Politics [in:] Development in British Politics, P. Cowley et al., 8th edition, Palgrave-Macmillan, Basingstoke
  • Giddens, A. 2010. Tony Blair, 1997-2007 [in:] From New Jerusalem to New Labour,
  • V. Bogdanor (ed.), Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke
  • Kubas, S. 2004. Parlament szkocki. Dewolucja – wyzwanie dla Zjednoczonego Królestwa, Wydawnictwo Sejmowe, Warszawa
  • Laws, D., 2010. 22 days in May. The Birth of the Lib Dem-Conservative Coalition, Biteback, London
  • Marczewska-Rytko, M., 2015. Kategoria nowych ruchów społecznych w wybranych ujęciach teoretycznych [in:] Ideologie, ruchy społeczne i polityczne. Wybrane problemy. M. Marczewska-Rytko (ed.), UMCS, Lublin
  • Michałowski, S. 2008. Uwarunkowania pełnienia ról przywódczych w samorządzie terytorialnym [in:] Przywództwo lokalne a kształtowanie demokracji partycypacyjnej,
  • K. Kuć-Czajkowska, S. Michałowski (ed.), UMCS, Lublin
  • Morgan-Trimmer, S. 2012. Participation outcomes in governance networks: the role of network [in:] Governing Ambiguities, E. Bozzini, B. Enjolras (ed.), Nomos, Baden-Baden
  • Norton, P., 2005. Parliament in British Politics, Palgrave-Macmillan, Basingstoke
  • Norton, P. 2011. The Con-Lib Agenda for the "New Politics" and Constitutional Reform [in:] The Cameron-Clegg Government. Coalition Politics in an Age of Austerity,
  • M. Beech, S. Lee (ed.) Palgrave-Macmillan, Basingstoke
  • Nowacka, E. 2002. Reformy samorządu terytorialnego w Polsce, Wielkiej Brytanii i USA, Forum Naukowe, Wrocław
  • Osmond, J. 2005. Wales Towards 2007 [in:] The Dynamics of Devolution. State of the Nations, A. Trench (ed.), UCL, Exeter
  • Patchett, K. 2005. Principle of Pragmatism. Legislating for Wales by Westminster and Whitehall [in:] Devolution, Law Making and the Consitution, R. Hazzell, R. Rawlings, (ed.), Imprint Academic, Exeter
  • Peston, R., 2005. Brown’s Britain, Short Books, London
  • Philip, A.B., 1999. Regionalism in the United Kingdom [in:] Regionalism in the European Union, Wagstaff, P. (ed.), Intellect, Exeter and Portland
  • Pryce, H. 2011. J. E. Lloyd and the Creation of Welsh History: Renewing a Nation's Past, Univeristy of Wales Press, Cardiff
  • Radzik-Maruszak, K. 2012. Samorząd terytorialny w Wielkiej Brytanii w latach 1979-2010. Od nowego zarządzania publicznego do lokalnego współzarządzania, UMCS, Lublin
  • Rajca, L. 2012. Reformy samorządu terytorialnego w Anglii w latach 1997-2010, Europejskie Centrum Edukacyjne, Łysomice
  • Rawlings, R., 2005. Law Making In a Virtual Parliament: The Welsh Experience [in:] Devolution, Law Making and the Consitution, R. Hazzell, R. Rawlings (ed.), Imprint Academic, Exeter
  • Richards, P. 2004. Tony Blair in His Own Words, Politico, London
  • Rogers, R. Walters, R. 2006. How Parliament Works, 6th edition, Longman-Pearson, Essex
  • Smith, M.J. 1999. The Core Executive in Britain, Palgrave-Macmillan, Basingstoke
  • Stoker, G. 2005. Joined-Up Government for Local and Regional Institutions [in:] Joined-Up Government, V. Bogdanor (ed.), Oxford Universiy Press, Oxford
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197263334.003.0007
  • Sully, M.A. 2000. The New Politics of Tony Blair, Columbia University Press, New York
  • Wagstaff, P., 1999. Introduction: Regions, Nations, Identities [in:] Regionalism in the European Union, P. Wagstaff (ed.), Intellect, Exeter and Portland
  • Wilson, D. 2005. The United Kingdom: An increasingly differentiated policy?
  • [in:] Comparing Local Governance. Trends and Developments, B. Denters, L.E. Rose (ed.), Palgrave-Macmillan, Basingstoke
  • Zins, H. 2001. Historia Anglii, Ossolineum, Wrocław
  • 2011 Census for Wales, http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/bulletins/2011censuskeystatisticsforwales/2012-12-11#household-language (retrieved 21.03.22016)
  • 2011 National Assembly for Wales election results, http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/find-information-by-subject/elections-and-referendums/past-elections-and-referendums/national-assembly-for-wales-elections/national-assembly-for-wales-election-2011 (retrieved 22.03.2016)
  • Devolution Settlement Wales, 2013, https://www.gov.uk/guidance/devolution-settlement-wales (retrieved 23.03.2016)
  • Kirkup, J. 2013. Welsh Assembly to be given more financial powers, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/wales/10419221/Welsh-Assembly-to-be-given-more-financial-powers.html (retrieved: 22.03.2016)
  • Wales votes “yes”, 2011,http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/wales/8362368/Wales-votes-yes-to-more-devolved-powers.html (retrieved 22.03.2016)
  • Welsh Referendum 2011,http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-politics-12648649
  • (retrieved 22.03.2016)
  • Welsh taxes, 2013, http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/welsh-taxes-place-2018-under-6856630 (retrieved 22.03.2016)
  • Williams, J. 2016. Brexit: Carwyn Jones 'never called for a Welsh veto, '
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-politics-37396158 (retrieved 1.11.2016)
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_17951_k_2016_23_1_85
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.