PL EN


2019 | 26 | 2 |
Article title

Social Movements Versus Frozen Democracy: The Albanian Perspective

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The main goal of the article is to identify the role of social and political movements and non-political forms of participating within a democratic system. Albania as a young democracy had been under organizational fragmentation. Albania has a stable political party system, but its society faces a chaotic development towards the democratization process. In this paper the main aim is to explain the role of social cleavages and social movements in a young democracy like Albania. The relationship between social movements and the political party system will be viewed from two perspectives: a) the relative openness or closure of the institutionalized political system; and b) how non-conventional forms of participation, such as a protest, can be part of policy-making. The paper is structured into two main parts, the first one deals with the theoretical approaches towards social movements and social cleavages and the second one relates to the Albanian perspective and its socio-political background.
Year
Volume
26
Issue
2
Physical description
Dates
published
2019
online
2019-12-28
Contributors
author
References
  • Bartolini, S., Mair, P. 1990. Identity, Competition and Electoral Availability. The Stabilization of European Electorates 1885–1985, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Berglund, S., Ekman, J., Deegan-Krause, K., Knutsen, T. 2013. The Handbook of Political Change in Eastern Europe, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
  • Fevziu, B. 2012. 100 Vite shtet, nje ekskursion ne politiken e shtetit shqiptar nga 1912–2012, UET Press, Tirana.
  • Fuga, A. 2000. Shoqeria Periferike, Ora, Tirane.
  • Giugni, M., McAdam, D., Tilly, C. 1999. How Social Movements Matter: Past Research, Present Problems, Future Developments, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
  • Hooghe, M. 2005. Ethnic Organisations and Social Movement Theory: The Political Opportunity Structure for Ethnic Mobilisation in Flanders, “Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies”, vol. 31(5), pp. 975–990, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13691830500177925.
  • Hoxha, G. 2018. Albanian November, Students Calling, “Baltic Worlds”, vol. XI(I), pp. 25–35.
  • INSTAT. 1998, http://www.instat.gov.al/en/themes (access: 22.12.2018).
  • Jović, D. 2010. Problems of Early Post-Communist Transition Theory: From Transition from to Transition to, “Politička Misao”, vol. 47(5), pp. 44–68.
  • Karapin, R. 2007. Protest politics in Germany: movements on the Left, Pennsylvania State University Press, Pennsylvania.
  • Krasniqi, A. 2009. Patite Politike ne Shqiperi (1991–2008): historia, proceset zgjedhore, kandidatet, fushata elektorale, Dhoma Britanika e Tregetise dhe Industrise ne Shqiperi (ABCCI), Tirana.
  • Lipset, S.M., Rokkan, S. 1967. Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-National Perspective, Free Press, New York.
  • Marczewska-Rytko, M., Aksiuto, K., Maj, D., Pomarański, M. 2018. Civil Participation in the Visegrad Group Countries after 1998, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University Press, Lublin.
  • Mcmahon, P. 2001. Building Civil Societies in East Central Europe: The Effect of American Nongovernmental Groups, Frank Cass and Company Limited, London.
  • Mjaft. 2019, https://www.mjaft.org/en/who-we-are (access: 16.06.2019).
  • Murati, A. 2013. Albania, [in:] The Handbook of Political Change in Eastern Europe, S. Berglund, J. Ekman, K. Deegan-Krause, T. Knutsen (eds.), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham–Northampton, pp. 651–688.
  • Norris, P. 2005. Political Activism: New Challenges, New Opportunities, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Offe, C. 1996. Varieties of Transition: The East European and East German Experience, Polity Press, London.
  • Panos, N. 1997. The Process of Democratization in Albania, [in:] Politics, Power and the Struggle for Democracy in South-East Europe, K. Dawisha, B. Parrott (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Przeworski, A. 1995. Sustainable Democracy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Redaksia. 2017. Zgjedhjet pas viteve ’90-të/ Këto zgjedhjet e 9-ta, ja kronologjia dhe fituesit, “Panorama”, 27.06, pp. 3–4.
  • Shqip, G. 2018. Forumi për Liri Akademike-Ramës: Refuzojmë gjuhën shantazhuese, “Zgjidhje ose grevë Gazeta Shqip”, 14.02, pp. 3–4.
  • Zielinski, J. 2002. Translating Social, Cleavages into Party System. The Significance of New Democracies, “World Politics”, vol. 54(2), pp. 184–211.
  • Zuckerman, A. 1975. Political Cleavage: A Conceptual and Theoretical Analysis, “British Journal of Political Science”, vol. 5(2), pp. 231–248, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007123400008140.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_17951_k_2019_26_2_103-112
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.