2013 | 8 |
Article title

Wiek jako źrodłowy, społeczno-kulturowy konstrukt w społeczeństwach tradycyjnych, nowoczesnych i ponowoczenych: co to znaczy być młodym?

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Społeczno-kulturowy konstrukt wieku, w swym obiektywnym i subiektywnym znaczeniu, zmieniał się wraz z rozwojem społecznym. Celem artykułu jest analiza przemian w percepcji wieku jako konstruktu społeczno-kulturowego, zmierzająca do odkrycia tego, co to znaczy być młodą osobą. Zagadnienia te są analizowane w kontekście strukturalistyczno-funkcjonalistycznej teorii Parsonsa, teorii strukturacji formułowanej przez Giddensa, jak również w kontekście teorii cyklów życia autorstwa Becka. 
Das sozial-kulturelle Konstrukt des Alters in seiner objektiven und subjektiven Bedeutung veränderte sich mit der sozialen Entwicklung. Das Ziel des Artikels ist die Analyse der Veränderungen in der Wahrnehmung des Alters als sozial-kulturelles Konstrukt, die zur Erkenntnis führt, was es heißt, ein junger Mensch zu sein. Diese Fragestellungen werden im Kontext der strukturalistischfunktionalistischen Theorie von Parsons, der Theorie der Strukturierung von Giddens und der Theorie der Lebenszyklen von Beck untersucht.
The sociocultural construction of age with objective and subjective meanings has been changing along with the development of society. Traditional, modern, and postmodern societies all have their own challenges related to the life course of the individual. The individual finds themselves in transition from the  institutionalization and standardization of the course of life to deinstitutionalization, individualization, and de-standardization. For this reason, age as a sociocultural construct can be analyzed as a dynamic and reflexive phenomenon. Analysis of the perception of age is important in the social sciences, as it has the potential to reveal various issues in our society. In particular, this is important in discussions about youth and adulthood – in contemporary society, age is not exactly the main variable defining the group of society an individual belongs to. The aim of this paper is to analyse changes relating to age as a sociocultural construct in order to reveal what it means to be a young person with respect to tradition, both modern and postmodern. The construction of age has been analysed with recourse to T. Parsons’s structural functionalism theory, A. Giddens’ structuration theory as well as Beck’s approach to modern and postmodern society, life cycle theory. 
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