Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2020 | 29 | 3 |

Article title

Models of Disability and Their Influence on Judicial Decisions: A Preliminary Approach from the Perspective of the Spanish Case Law


Title variants

Languages of publication



The purpose of this article is to show the influence on judicial decisions of the approach to disability embedded in the person’s mentality. A brief introduction to the different paradigms of disability is previously provided, distinguishing mainly between the medical and the social model, and noting that the latter has been incorporated by the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The analysis of two recent decisions of the Spanish Supreme Court illustrates the influence of the different models of disability on legal judgements. Finally, some conclusions from this analysis are suggested, which can mark a path for future research.
Celem artykułu było określenie wpływu, jaki na decyzje sądowe ma podejście do niepełnosprawności wpisane w mentalność danej jednostki. Po przedstawieniu krótkiego wprowadzenia do różnych paradygmatów niepełnosprawności rozróżniono jej model medyczny i społeczny, zauważając, że ten ostatni został włączony do Konwencji o Prawach Osób Niepełnosprawnych. Analiza dwóch ostatnich orzeczeń hiszpańskiego Sądu Najwyższego ilustruje wpływ różnych modeli niepełnosprawności na orzeczenia sądowe. W podsumowaniu sformułowano wnioski, które mogą wyznaczyć kierunek przyszłych badań.






Physical description





  • Arstein-Kerslake A., Restoring Voice to People with Cognitive Disabilities: Realizing the Right to Equal Recognition before the Law, Cambridge 2017.
  • Bobbio N., Il positivismo giuridico, Torino 1979.
  • Cahill-O’Callaghan R., The influence of personal values on legal judgments, “Journal of Law and Society” 2013, Vol. 40(4), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6478.2013.00642.x.
  • Cuenca Gomez P., El derecho al voto de las personas con discapacidad intelectual y psicosocial. La adaptación de la legislación electoral española a la Convención Internacional de los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad, “Derechos y Libertades” 2018, No. 38.
  • Danielski D.J., Values as variables in Judicial Decision-Making: Notes toward a Theory, “Vanderbilt Law Review” 1965, Vol. 19.
  • Degener T., A human rights model of disability, [in:] Handbook of Disability Law and Human Rights, eds. P. Blanck, E. Flynn, London 2016.
  • Dziedziak W., Axiological Basis for the Application of Law – A Perspective of the Equitable Law, ,,Studia Iuridica Lublinensia” 2015, Vol. 24(2), DOI: https://doi.org/10.17951/sil.2015.24.2.49.
  • French S., Swain J., Changing relationships for promoting health, [in:] Tidy’s Physiotherapy, ed. S. Porter, Edinburgh 2013.
  • Martínez-Pujalte A., Derechos fundamentales y discapacidad, Madrid 2015.
  • Martínez-Pujalte A., Legal Capacity and Supported Decision-Making: Lessons from Some Recent Legal Reforms, “Laws” 2019, Vol. 8(1), DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/laws8010004.
  • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Awareness-raising under Article 8 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (A/HRC/43/27), 17 December 2019, www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Disability/Article8/A_HRC_43_27_AdvanceEditedVersion.docx [access: 20.01.2020].
  • Palacios A., El modelo social de discapacidad: orígenes, caracterización y plasmación en la Convención Internacional sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad, Madrid 2008.
  • Palacios A., The social model in the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, “The Age of Human Rights Journal” 2015, Vol. 4.
  • Pritchett H., The Roosevelt Court, New York 1948.
  • Serna P., Filosofía del Derecho y paradigmas epistemológicos, México 2006.
  • Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, General Comment No. 1, Article 12: Equal recognition before the Law, 19 May 2014.
  • Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities of 13 December 2006.
  • English Equality Act 2010.
  • Decision of the Spanish Constitutional Court of 28 November 2016.

Document Type

Publication order reference

YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.