Actio institoria oraz actio exercitoria jako „powództwa o charakterze dodatkowym” – zagadnienia wybrane
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The objective of this article is to present the basic problems related to the actio institoria and actio exercitoria. Those actions belonged to the category of so-called actiones adiecticiae qualitatis, actions of praetorian origin, which are considered to be a foundation of entrepreneurship in ancient Rome. They were contractual legal remedies available to a third party against master or pater familias of his contractor. The actions institoria and exercitoria had a particular significance for Roman business: the actio exercitoria applied where a shipowner (exercitor) had put his slave, son, or even a free third person in command of a ship, and the agent made a contract incidental to the affairs thereof; the actio institoria lay where a man has instituted a slave, son or a free third person his agent entrusted to management of the shop or of some piece of business, and the agent made a contract related to it. The article consists of preliminary observations, description of issues connected with actiones adiecticiae qualitatis in general, and presentation of the basic issues related to actio exercitoria and actio institoria.
W artykule nie zamieszczono polskiego abstraktu
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