St. Ambrose belongs to these Fathers of the Western Church, who in their thoughts used biblical motifs using the allegorical exegesis. It was of particular significance to him to teach about the Church. While approaching the matter of the Church he referred to an interesting image from the Gospel of St. Luke, relating to a sinful woman who washed and wiped the feet of Jesus in the house of Simon, the Pharisee. In this figure different motifs of contemporary eccesiology are combined. The Church stands as one body composed of many members following together to Jesus and bowing in front of him. He is a dispenser of grace. His primary tasks are to glorify the God, transmit the Gospel and the works of mercy.