This study aims at analyzing health behavior influencing health according to sex. It also aims at evaluating social and economic consequences of those behaviors. Shorter male lifespan comparing to woman may be related to more frequent risky behavior: smoking tobacco, drinking alcohol, drug abuse which lead to dysfunctions of circulatory and respiratory systems as well as cancer, disabilities and in consequence inability to work. The data presented suggest that man more often than women act in risky manners. According to collected data, woman more oft en than man seek specialist ambulatory treatment, medical rehabilitation and dental care. These data may suggest that woman more oft en try to prevent illness than wait until full treatment is necessary. This may be the reason why older woman (65 years old+) less often need expensive hospital treatment.