The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the process of revitalization of markets and shopping streets of Polish cities after 1999 in order to answer the question on how revitalization affected the socio-economic development of Polish cities. Transformation of consumption space is analyzed on the example of two cities: Białystok and Kielce. As a result of revitalization, residents began to spend their free time in the modernized space. However, in the short term, the construction works lasting several years that reduced traffic in the city centers impacted negatively on businesses, often contributing to their collapse or significant deterioration of profitability. Transformation of urban consumption space have increased interest of city dwellers in local decision making process, and thus influenced the growth in social commitment and desire to participate in governing.