Challenges that the EU had to face at the beginning of the 21st century have induced revision of its foreign policy. Unprecedented economic development, as well as political opening of China have created an attractive political and economic partner, desired by European states. From the very beginning the cooperation between the EU and China has been based on the economic field. Nowadays, thanks to demographic and economic potentials of both partners bilateral trade turnover equals to a third of global trade and is worth 1 billion euro a day. On initial economic platform of cooperation partners now develop a comprehensive political and social partnership. Despite ideological and political differences, as well as sometimes contradictory economic interests, strategic partnership is very likely to be continued.