PL EN


2016 | 4(12) | 57-75
Article title

Electoral politics in Taiwan: 2008-2012

Authors
Content
Title variants
PL
Polityka wyborcza na Tajwanie: 2008-2012
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This paper conducts an analysis of the implementation of the new electoral system (single-district, two-votes system) in practice in 2008. It is focused on the research of two aspects: first, the voter's awareness of the new electoral system; second, the impact of the new electoral system on the political party system. In the research methods, this article combines the analysis of an individual survey data and information on the election results, trying to find an answer to the question about Taiwan's voters knowledge of the electoral system situation, the factors that affect the knowledge of the electoral system, as well as the issues of the new electoral system's impact on the change and development of the political party system. The research has found out that: Taiwan's voter awareness of the current electoral system is not high. The further research into the relations between the knowledge of the electoral system and the voting choice, as well as the control of other possible factors of influence, showed that the voters who have a more correct and clear understanding of the electoral system have the tendency to vote for small parties. From the results of the general information, the practice of the electoral system indeed led to the decline in pluralistic views. The number of effective parties in the parliament has significantly decreased to that one before restructuring. The new electoral system has made survival difficult for small parties, while the rate of the wasted vote in the regional constituency increased dramatically, making it more difficult to represent pluralistic views. These possible problems caused by the new electoral system, also triggered reactions and initiatives among the domestic public concerning the reform of the electoral system in 2015.
PL
W niniejszym opracowaniu dokonano analizy wdrożenia nowego systemu wyborczego (system jednoizbowy, system dwóch głosów) w praktyce w 2008 r. Skoncentrowano się na badaniu dwóch aspektów: po pierwsze, świadomości wyborców nowego systemu wyborczego; po drugie, wpływ nowego systemu wyborczego na system partyjny. W metodach badawczych artykuł ten łączy analizę poszczególnych danych ankietowych i informacji o wynikach wyborów, próbując znaleźć odpowiedź na pytanie o tajwańską wyborców wiedzę na temat sytuacji w systemie wyborczym, czynniki wpływające na znajomość systemu wyborczego , a także kwestie wpływu nowego systemu wyborczego na zmianę i rozwój systemu partii politycznej. Badania wykazały, że: tajwańska świadomość wyborców dotycząca obecnego systemu wyborczego nie jest wysoka. Dalsze badania zależności między wiedzą o systemie wyborczym a wyborem do głosowania, a także kontrola innych możliwych czynników wpływu, wykazały, że wyborcy, którzy mają bardziej poprawne i jasne zrozumienie systemu wyborczego, mają tendencję do głosuj na małe imprezy. Z wyników ogólnych informacji wynika, że ​​praktyka systemu wyborczego doprowadziła do spadku pluralistycznych poglądów. Liczba skutecznych partii w parlamencie znacznie zmniejszyła się do tej przed restrukturyzacją. Nowy system wyborczy utrudnił przetrwanie małym partiom, a tempo zmarnowanego głosowania w regionalnym okręgu wyborczym dramatycznie wzrosło, utrudniając reprezentowanie pluralistycznych poglądów. Te ewentualne problemy spowodowane przez nowy system wyborczy również wywołały reakcje i inicjatywy wśród krajowej opinii publicznej dotyczące reformy systemu wyborczego w 2015 roku.
Year
Issue
Pages
57-75
Physical description
Contributors
  • Soochow University, Taiwan
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_33119_KSzPP_2016_4_3
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