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2016 | 3 | 4(12) | 155-175

Article title

Taiwan’s Challenges in the Changing Landscape of Regional Security and Economy in the Asia-Pacific Region after the Cold War



Title variants

Wyzwania Tajwanu w zmieniającym się krajobrazie regionalnego bezpieczeństwa i gospodarki w regionie Azji i Pacyfiku po zimnej wojnie

Languages of publication



After the Cold War, international politics and economy of the Asia-Pacific region has changed tremendously. Regional economic integration accelerates up with the rapid increase of bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements between regional countries, whereas regional security is continually confronted with conflict flashpoints, including regional maritime sovereignty disputes. This article provides the recent development of regional economy and security with emphasis on maritime disputes in East China Sea and South China Sea and Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and discusses the possible challenges to Taiwan in these issues.
Po zimnej wojnie międzynarodowa polityka i gospodarka regionu Azji i Pacyfiku zmieniła się ogromnie. Regionalna integracja gospodarcza przyspiesza wraz z szybkim wzrostem dwustronnych i wielostronnych umów o wolnym handlu między krajami regionalnymi, podczas gdy bezpieczeństwo regionalne jest stale konfrontowane z punktami zapalnym konfliktu, w tym sporami dotyczącymi regionalnych suwerenności morskich. Artykuł ten przedstawia niedawny rozwój regionalnej gospodarki i bezpieczeństwa, z naciskiem na spory morskie w Morzu Wschodniochińskim i Południowochińskim oraz Partnerstwie Trans-Pacyficznym (TPP) i Regionalnym Kompleksowym Partnerstwie Gospodarczym (RCEP) i omawia możliwe wyzwania dla Tajwanu w tych kwestiach.







Physical description




  • Soochow University (Taiwan)


  • Periodical
  • Lin, Cheng-Yi [2016], Obama’s South China Sea Policy: China’s Response and Implications for Taiwan, “Soochow Journal of Politial Science”, no. 34(1) (林正義 [2016],〈歐巴馬政府的南海政策:中國的回應及對台灣的影響〉。《東吳政治學報》34,1: 1–80).
  • Lin Zhengyi, Chen Hongjun [2014], Oil and Gas Exploration of Two “China” in the East China Sea and the Role of the United States and Japan, “Prospect Foundation Quarterly”, no. 15(4).
  • Wu Yuying [2014], The Latest Progress in the Negotiations of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP) and Its Impact on Taiwan’s Economy and Coping,“Economic Prospects”, no. 154.
  • Ye Changcheng [2014], Progress in the Negotiations of “Trans-Pacific Partnership” (TPP), its Possible Impact on Taiwan’s External Political and Economic Relations and Coping, Economic Prospects (154).
  • Book chapters
  • Cai Zengjia [2012], The Development and Evolvment of the East China Sea Policy after Democratic Party of Japan’s Coming to Power, in: East China Sea and South China Sea’s disputes and peace prospects, He Sishen, Wang Guanxiong (ed.), “Cross-strait Exchanges Prospect Foundation”, Taipei.
  • Gu Yinghua, Gao Junyi [2014], Overall Review and Early Harvest Benefit Assessment of ECFA, in: From ECFA to TPP: Taiwan’s Road of Regional Economic Integration, “Cross-strait Exchanges Prospect Foundation”, Taipei.
  • Gu Yinghua, Lin Junfu [2014], The Opportunites and Challenges RCEP Brings for Taiwan, in: From ECFA to TPP: Taiwan’s Road of Regional Economic Integration, “Cross-strait Exchanges Prospect Foundation”, Taipei.
  • Li Qiongli [2012], ASEAN’s Response and Influence to the Situation in the South China Sea, in: East China Sea and South China Sea’s Disputes and Peace Prospects, He Sishen, Wang Guanxiong (ed.), “Cross-strait Exchanges Prospect Foundation”, Taipei.
  • Lin Zhengyi [2012], China’s South China Sea Policy, in: East China Sea and South China Sea’s Disputes and Peace Prospects, He Sishen, Wang Guanxiong (ed.), “Cross-strait Exchanges Prospect Foundation”, Taipei.
  • Shi Huici, Yan Huixin, Ye Changcheng, Hu Junan [2014], Is Taiwan Ready to Join TPP?, in: From ECFA to TPP: Taiwan’s Road of Regional Economic Integration, “Cross-strait Exchanges Prospect Foundation”, Taipei.
  • Wang Gaocheng [2012], China’s East China Sea Policy, in: East China Sea and South China Sea’s Disputes and Peace Prospects, He Sishen and Wang Guanxiong (ed.), “Cross-strait Exchanges Prospect Foundation”, Taipei.
  • Wang Guanxiong [2012], Conclusion: Searching for Peaceful Settlement of the East Asian Waters Disputes, in: East China Sea and South China Sea’s Disputes and Peace Prospects, He Sishen, Wang Guanxiong (ed.), “Cross-strait Exchanges Prospect Foundation”, Taipei.
  • Books
  • Luo ZhiZheng (ed.) [2010], ECFA big Impact: Taiwan’s Crises and Challenges, New Taiwan’s think tank, Taipei.
  • Tong Zhenyuan [2014], Taiwan Economic Key Next Step – Cross-Strait Economic Integration Trends and Challenges, Boshuo, Taiwan.
  • Wu Rongyi (ed.) [2010], Deconstruction of ECFA: Taiwan’s Fate and Chance, New Taiwan think tank, Taipei.
  • Research report
  • Legislative Yuan, Budget Center [2014], Impact of TPP and RCEP Regional Integration on Our Nation’s Overall Economy (103139), Legislative Yuan, Taipei.
  • Official documents
  • APEC,『Statement on the 25th Anniversary of APEC – Shaping the Future through AsiaPacific Partnership』 [2014] , http://www.apec.org/Meeting-Papers/Leaders-Declarations/2014/2014_aelm/2014_aelm_25th.aspx (7.01.2015).
  • The R.O.C. Ministry of Foreign Affairs [2012], The R.O.C. Government Propose ‘The East China Sea Peace Initiative’, 15 August 2012), http://www.mofa.gov.tw/News_Content.aspx?n=9FB1B5F1C76243EE&sms=20EB7F887746D351&s=B3F2CDD313292AC0 (12.10.2014) (中華
  • 民國外交部 [2012],〈中華民國政府提出「東海和平倡議」〉 (2012/08/15), http://www.mofa.gov.tw/News_Content.aspx?n=9FB1B5F1C76243EE&sms=20EB7F887746D351&s=B3F2CDD313292AC0。2014/10/12).
  • The R.O.C. Ministry of Foreign Affairs [2015], The South China Sea Peace Initiative, 26 May 2015,
  • http://www.mofa.gov.tw/News_Content.aspx?n=604CBAA3DB3DDA11&sms=69594088D2AB9C50&s=3BEC439D5F6A9CEE (18.04.2016) (中華民國外交部 [2015], 〈南海和平倡議〉 (2015/05/26), http://www.mofa.gov.tw/News_Content.aspx?n=604CBAA3DB3DDA11&sms=69594088D2AB9C50&s=3BEC439D5F6A9CEE。2016/04/18).
  • News media
  • American Defense Minister’s Visit to Vietnam to Strengthen Defense Cooperation, Central News Agency [1.06.2015], http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201506010072–1.aspx (1.06.2015).
  • BBC Zhongwen [2014], Philipines Officially Issues an Arbitration Application on Disputes in South China Sea, 30 March 2014, http://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/world/2012/09/120912_philippines_china_maritime (10.02.2015) (BBC中文網 [2014],〈菲律賓正式將中菲南海爭議提交國際仲裁〉。2014/03/30。http://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/china/2014/03/140330_china_philippines_dispute。2015/02/10).
  • BBC Zhongwen [2015], China’s Military Fighter Jets Fly Near Japan, 28 November 2015, http://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/world/2015/11/151128_china_military_jets_japan (18.04.2016)
  • (BBC中文網 [2015],〈中國多型戰機飛臨日本島嶼巡航〉。2015/11/28。http://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/world/2015/11/151128_china_military_jets_japan。2016/04/18).
  • BBC Zhongwen [2016], China: We have the Right to Build up Essential Defense Facilities on Chinese Territories, 17 February 2016, http://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/china/2016/02/160217_south_china_sea_chinese_missiles_paracels (18.04.2016) (BBC中文網 [2016], 〈中
  • 國:「有權在本國領土上部署必要防禦設施」〉。 2016/02/17。http://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/china/2016/02/160217_south_china_sea_chinese_missiles_paracels。2016/04/18).
  • British Media: America Bombers Challenge China’s No-fly-zone, BBC Chinese net [27.11.2013], http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/china/2013/11/131127_press_uk_uschinajapan (14.02.2015).
  • China Claimed that US Aircraft Reconnaissance Operations in the South China Sea “is Very Dangerous, BBC Chinese net [22.05.2015], http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/china/2015/05/150522_china_us_south_sea (22.05.2015).
  • China Pushes “One Belt One Road” Strategy to Buils the Maritime Silk Road Bank, BBC Chinese net [13.11.2014], http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/business/2014/11/141113_china_new_silkroad_bank (7.01.2015).
  • China Sent Boats to Patrol the Fishing Island, and the Deadlock for 1,5 h with Japan, Apple Daily [21.11.2010], http://www.appledaily.com.tw/appledaily/article/international/20101121/32977741/ (7.01.2015).
  • China’s Sending Fishery Patrol Boat to Paracel Islands”, BBC Chinese net [15.03.2009], http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_7940000/newsid_7944500/7944504.stm (10.02.2015).
  • CNA News [2013], Philippines Apply an International Arbitration on Disputes in South China Sea, http://www.cna.com.tw/news/firstnews/201301220050–1.aspx (10.02.2015) (中央通訊社 [2013], 〈南海爭議 菲律賓提國際仲裁〉。2013/01/22。http://www.cna.com.tw/news/firstnews/201301220050–1.aspx。2015/02/10).
  • CNA News [2015], U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs: U.S. and Taiwan Keep Striving on the Trading Issues, 15 May 2015, http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201505150024–1.aspx (20.05.2015) (中央通訊社 [2015],〈美亞太助卿:美台持續經貿努力〉。2015/05/15。http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201505150024–1.aspx。2015/05/20).
  • CNA News [2016a], President Ma Yin-Jeou Visit Taiping Island and Propose the South China Sea Peace Initiative, 28 January 2016, http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aipl/201601280165–1.aspx (18.04.2016) (中央通訊社 [2016a],〈總統登太平島 提南海和平倡議路徑圖〉
  • 。2016/01/28。http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aipl/201601280165–1.aspx。2016/04/18).
  • CNA News [2016b], Chinese Military Plane Lands Fiery Cross Reef, 18 April 2016, http://www.cna.com.tw/news/firstnews/201604180316–1.aspx (25.04.2016) (中央通訊社 [2016b],〈中共軍機 首次公開降落永暑礁〉。2016/04/18。http://www.cna.com.tw/news/firstnews/201604180316–1.aspx。2016/04/25).
  • Diaoyutai Collision, Mutual Protest between China and Japan, from BBC, Chinese net [7.09.2010],
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/china/2010/09/100907_china_japan_diaoyu_crash.shtml (7.01.2015).
  • Hardy, J. O’Connor S. [2014],『China building airstrip-capable island on Fiery Cross Reef』,IHS
  • Jane’s Defence Weekly, http://www.janes.com/article/46083/china-building-airstrip-capableisland-on-fiery-cross-reef (7.01.2015).
  • James’ Defense: Building Helipad in Nanji Island” Central News Agency [24.01.2015], http://www.cna.com.tw/news/acn/201501240292–1.aspx (7.03.2015).
  • Kerry: The East China Sea peace Initiative has a Great Concern with the Asian Waters, Central News Agency [28.04.2015], http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201504280078–1.aspx (28.04.2015).
  • NIKKEI Zhongwen [2015], Japan Publicize the Pictures of China’s Development of Oil and Gas Field on East China Sea, 22 July 2015, http://zh.cn.nikkei.com/politicsaeconomy/politicsasociety/15354–20150722.html (18.04.2016) (日經中文網 [2015],〈日本公開中國開發東海氣田證據照片〉。2015/07/22。http://zh.cn.nikkei.com/politicsaeconomy/politicsasociety/15354–20150722.html。2016/04/18).
  • On Check and Balance of the Forces in the South China Sea, Japan Joined the US-Australia Military Exercise, Central news Agency [26.05.2015], http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201505260016–1.aspx (27.05.2015).
  • ROC Ministry of Economic Affairs [2015a], Bureau of Foreign Trade, http://www.trade.gov.tw/App_Ashx/File.ashx?FilePath=../Files/Doc/ee07f984-6696-48a8-b102-e009ec8f66cb.pdf (6.03.2015).
  • ROC Ministry of Economic Affairs [2015b], RCEP Introduction, http://www.trade.gov.tw/App_Ashx/File.ashx?FilePath=../Files/Doc/01fc257b-b7b4-42a1-a954-c22a61df772b.pdf (6.03.2015).
  • ROC Ministry of Economic Affairs [2015c], Bureau of Foreign Trade, “The strategy to push our country to join TPP”, http://www.trade.gov.tw/App_Ashx/File.ashx?FilePath=../Files/PageFile/40edf1ef-a4d6-4490-b613-d6432ca61c22.pdf (6.03.2015).
  • ROC Ministry of Economic Affairs [2015d], Bureau of Foreign Trade, “The strategy to push our country to join RECP”, http://www.trade.gov.tw/App_Ashx/File.ashx?FilePath=../Files/PageFile/40edf1ef-a4d6-4490-b613-d6432ca61c22.pdf (6.03.2015).
  • Secretary Panetta delivered remarks to the Engineering Academy of Armored Forces in Beijing,
  • China [2012], September 12, http://www.defense.gov/transcripts/transcript.aspx?transcriptid=5117 (14.02.2015).
  • The Attendance of President Today Morning in the Opening Ceremony of the ’2015 World Association of International Law and the American Society of International Law Research
  • Forum’, the ROC Presidential Office press release (26.05.2015), http://www.president.gov.tw/Default.aspx?tabid=131&itemid=34788&rmid=514 (26.05.2015).
  • The Philippines Named Some Part of the South China Sea as the East Philippines Sea, BBC Chinese net [12.09.2012], http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_7940000/newsid_7944500/7944504.stm (10.02.2015).
  • The United States Appreciated President Ma’s South China Sea Peace Initiative, Foreign Ministry Welcomed, Central News Agency (27.05.2015), http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aipl/201505270247–1.aspx (27.05.2015).
  • The US Assistant Secretary of State: The US and Taiwan Sustained Economic and Trade Efforts, Central News Agency (15.05.2015), http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201505150024–1.aspx (15.05.2015).
  • The US Military Urged China to Stop Sea Reclamation in the Spratly Islands Sea Area, Voice of America (23.11.2014), http://www.voacantonese.com/content/dhh-hk-us-calls-for-chinato-stop-reclamation-project-in-scs/2531110.html (8.01.2015).
  • The US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton stated such policy stand in Hanoi in 2010 [2010], Remark by Secretary Clinton at the Press on July 23, 2010, http://www.state.gov/secretary/20092013clinton/rm/2010/07/145095.htm (14.02.2015).
  • Trade Promotion Authority Act, Passed in Senate, Central News Agency [23.05.2015], http://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201505230067–1.aspx (24.05.2015).
  • Udn.com [2015], John Kerry: the U.S. and Taiwan Discussed the Second Round of TPP, 09 May 2015, http://udn.com/news/story/6656/891223-%E6%9F%AF%E7%91%9E%EF%BC%9A%E7%BE%8E%E8%88%87%E5%8F%B0%E8%AB%AE%E5%95%86TPP%E7%AC%AC2%E8%BC%AA%E8%AB%87%E5%88%A4 (10.05.2015) (聯合新聞網 [2015],〈凱瑞:美與台諮商TPP第2輪談判〉。2015/05/09。http://udn.com/news/story/6656/891223-%E6%9F
  • %AF%E7%91%9E%EF%BC%9A%E7%BE%8E%E8%88%87%E5%8F%B0%E8%AB%AE%E5%95%86TPP%E7%AC%AC2%E8%BC%AA%E8%AB%87%E5%88%A4。2015/05/10).
  • Vietnam Protested Again Against China’s Damaging Vietnamese Survey Vessel, BBC Chinese net [9.06.2011], http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/rolling_news/2011/06/110609_china_vietnam 2011–05–31/ (10.02.2015).

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