PL EN


2017 | 2 (14) | 35-63
Article title

O "prywatyzacji" oświaty w Królestwie Norwegii

Content
Title variants
EN
The "privatisation" of education in the Kingdom of Norway
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
W artykule omówiono zasady i mechanizmy zarządzania norweskim systemem oświaty z punktu widzenia jego podstawowego celu, tj. zapew nienia równych warunków nauczania dla wszystkich dzieci, niezależnie od ich pochodzen ia i statusu społeczno-ekonomicznego ucznia. Norwegia uchodzi za przykład państwa, w którym na politykę edukacyjną nie oddziaływał silnie nurt neoliberalizmu ekonomicznego oraz idee modernizacji sektora publicznego w duchu nowego zarządzania publicznego. Norweski system oświaty cechuje się natomiast znacznym poziomem zdecentralizowania - lokalne struktury samorządowe odpowiedzialne są za zapewnienie miejsc do realizac ji prawa do edukacji przedszkolnej, obowiązku szkolnego i prawa do nauki. Znakomita większość uczniów pobiera naukę w szkołach publicznych. Odnotowuje się jednak niewi elki, lecz systematycznie wzrastający, udział sektora niepublicznego w oświacie oraz przyp adki wykorzystywania instrumentów z zakresu kontraktowania usług publicznych, a także partnerstwa publiczno-prywatnego.
EN
!e article discusses the Norwegian response to the neoliberal movement of privatising public education. Neoliberal trends in public services, including education, mainly manifest themselves in the a"rmation of the economic e"ciency in public services provision, increased participation of private and non-governmental organisations and the creation of quasi-markets. In Norway likewise in other Scandinavian countries the reform of public sector has not been strongly in#uenced by neoliberal ideology and the New Public Management. On the other hand, it was the political decentralisation and empowerment of local communities that shaped the organisation and management of the school system. !e primary aim of the Norwegian education is to ensure equality and inclusion for all students, regardless of their gender, abilities, family background, nationality and health condition. !e article presents the historical path of public and non-public schooling in Norway illustrated by the statistical data concerning kindergartens, schools and pupils respectively. The central and local government still provides the vast majority of public education services and the non-public sector remains limited. Neverthless in the last 10 years the rise in the number of private schools has been noticed, especially in bigger cities and more a$uent dwellings. In its %nal part the article presents the recent developments in the privatisation policy conducted by the conservative government in Norway. It deliberates postulates relating to modi%cation of administrative procedures leading to the establishment of private schools, widening the school choice for parents as well as diversiffication of the teachers’ professional status. It also sketches examples of the utilisation of private-public partnerships in construction and operation of public schools.
Year
Issue
Pages
35-63
Physical description
Contributors
  • Warsaw School of Economics, PhD student
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_33119_KSzPP_2017_2_2
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