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2019 | 8 | 15-24

Article title

Ideologia czy zdrowie – dwa typy wegetarianizmu


Title variants

Ideology or health – two types of vegetarianism

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In recent years, vegetarianism has become an increasingly popular dietary trend in the area of nutrition, not only in the world, but also in Poland. Previous research shows that vegetarians are not a homogenous group - one of the possible divisions is based on motivation – ethical or health. The aim of the study was to examine whether vegetarians and meat-eaters differ in terms of demographic features, and also what differences also occur between ethical and health vegetarians. It was also decided to check whether the type of vegetarianism is reflected in the food preferences and choices. In order to reach that goal, a study was conducted on a nationwide sample of Poles aged 16–73 years (N = 402, including 163 vegetarians). The results of the study showed that vegetarians are mainly women, young adults (aged 18–24), living in large or medium-sized cities. Significant differences between ethical and health vegetarians in terms of demographics occur only in the case of sex – 52% of vegetarian women and 30% of vegetarian men indicate ethical reasons for their decision. Differences in dietary behaviors (food choices) were also observed. Health vegetarians were much more likely to choose meat dishes (20%) than ethical vegetarians (1%).
Wegetarianizm staje się w ostatnich latach coraz popularniejszym trendem żywieniowym, nie tylko na świecie, ale również w Polsce. Dotychczasowe badania pokazują, że wegetarianie nie są grupą homogeniczną – jeden z możliwych podziałów różnicuje wegetarian ze względu na motywację: etyczną lub zdrowotną. Celem przeprowadzonych badań było wstępne sprawdzenie, czy wegetarianie i osoby jedzące mięso różnią się pod względem cech demograficznych, a następnie czy i jakie różnice występują pomiędzy wegetarianami etycznymi i zdrowotnymi. Postanowiono również sprawdzić, czy typ wegetarianizmu przekłada się na preferencje żywieniowe i wybory potraw. W tym celu przeprowadzono badanie na ogólnopolskiej próbie osób w wieku 16–73 lat (N = 402, w tym 163 wegetarian). Wyniki badań pokazały, że wegetarianie to głównie kobiety, osoby młode (w wieku 18–24 lat), mieszkające w dużych lub średnich miastach. Natomiast istotne różnice pomiędzy wegetarianami etycznymi i zdrowotnymi pod względem demograficznym występują jedynie w przypadku płci – na etyczne powody swojej decyzji niejedzenia mięsa wskazuje 52% kobiet wegetarian i 30% mężczyzn. Zaobserwowano również różnice dotyczące zachowań żywieniowych (wyborów potraw) – wegetarianie etyczni niemal zawsze wskazywali preferencje wobec potraw wegetariańskich, natomiast zdrowotni wyraźnie częściej dopuszczali w swoich wyborach potrawy mięsne (20%).






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