The Participation of Bishop Philip of Fermo in the Wroclaw’s Dispute between Bishop Thomas II and Prince Henry IV
Udział biskupa Filipa z Fermo we wrocławskim sporze pomiędzy biskupem Tomaszem II a księciem Henrykiem IV
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Philip of Fermo, the papal legate in Poland, became after studies in law in Bologna. From 1272 he was a Bishop of Fermo and co-worker of papal curia of Gregory X. He attended the Council of Lion. Pope Nicholas appointed him to his chaplain. He was a professor of law. As a papal legate he visited and reformed Italian dioceses. He was nominated by Nicholas as a legate for Poland, Dalmatia, Herzegovina, Serbia. However, the main reform activity was developed by Philip in Hungary, where he contributed to the baptism of Cumans. At the synod in Buda he issued statutes for the metropolis of Hungary and Poland, which laid down ecclesial life according to the requirements of the reformed canon law. At the command of the pope, he became involved of manning of vacant bishopric in Gniezno. He came to Poland and contributed to the deepening of the theological and legal knowledge of the clergy, to the improvement of ecclesiastical discipline. At the end of his stay in Poland he settled in favor of the church a dispute between Bishop Thomas and Prince Henry, but he did not resolve the conflict. He returned to the Diocese of Fermo.
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