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2020 | 15 | 3(57) | 145-163
Article title

Children’s conceptions of knowledge and cognition: On the development of epistemic thinking in early and middle childhood

Authors
Content
Title variants
PL
Dziecięce koncepcje wiedzy i poznania - o rozwoju myślenia epistemologicznego dzieci we wczesnym i średnim dzieciństwie
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
PL
Refleksja metapoznawcza i epistemologiczna są często uważane za formy aktywności niedostępne percepcji małego dziecka. Tymczasem badania świadczą, że dzieci już na stosunkowo wczesnych etapach rozwoju są żywotnie zainteresowane tym, co dzieje się w umyśle człowieka, obserwują i wyciągają wnioski, formułują własne, osobiste teorie wiedzy i uczenia się szybko przechodząc od tzw. „naiwnych teorii umysłu” do rozważań natury epistemologicznej. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest przybliżenie czytelnikom istoty refleksji epistemologicznej i roli, jaką pełni ona w rozwoju dziecięcych koncepcji wiedzy i poznania. Analizy teoretyczne wzbogacone zostaną prezentacją projektu badawczego, który zmierzał do znalezienia odpowiedzi na następujące pytania: Jaką koncepcją wiedzy posługują się dzieci w młodszym wieku szkolnym? Jakie dostrzegają różnice między wiedzą a uczeniem się? W oparciu o analizę semantyczną zebranych wypowiedzi graficznych i werbalnych dzieci ukazana zostanie rola osobistej epistemologii jako istotnego wymiaru przyszłej kompetencji w świadomym regulowaniu własnego uczenia się, ocenianiu jego skuteczności i wyznaczaniu sobie kolejnych celów. W podsumowaniu tekstu przedstawione zostaną wnioski dla praktyki edukacyjnej.
EN
Metacognitive and epistemological reflection are often perceived as being beyond the perceptive and cognitive abilities of young children. Research, however, has proven that at a very early stage of develop- ment children are naturally intrigued by their own minds, observe and draw conclusions, build personal conceptions of knowledge and cognition, and quickly move from the stage of “naïve theories of mind” to reflecting on more advanced epistemological phenomena. The aim of this article is present the idea of epistemological reflection and its role in the development of children’s conceptions of knowledge and cognition. Theoretical considerations will be complemented with a research project driven by the following research questions: What is the conception of knowledge among young children? What differ- ences do they perceive between knowledge and learning? Visual and verbal explanations prepared by children will be used to present the role such personal epistemology plays in future self-regulation com- petency and in constructing children’s ability to evaluate their own learning and set new aims. In summary, the conclusions for educational practice will be discussed.
Year
Volume
15
Issue
Pages
145-163
Physical description
Dates
published
2020-10-16
Contributors
author
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-doi-10_35765_eetp_2020_1557_10
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