PL EN


Journal
2012 | 57 | 115-135
Article title

Marek Gnostyk, Kain i fałszerze prawdy. Wątek ojcostwa szatana w polemikach antyheretyckich II wieku

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Mark the Gnostic, Cain and the counterfeiters of the truth. The fatherhood of Satan in anti-heretical polemics of the second century
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
One of the polemical tools used by the 2nd century Christian authors in dis­putes with the heretics is to define them as „children of Satan” (or, in reverse, identifying Satan as their „father”). According to the author of this text, this is by no means empty invective, but polisemic category, whose polemical force re­quires decoding. The purpose of this paper is to hypothesize about its sources in the hermeneutic tradition and its importance as an “argument” used against ideological adversaries. The reconstruction of these dimensions will be made on the basis of the speech against Mark the Gnostic which was delivered by an un­known (probably Asiatic) presbyter and preserved in the first book of Adversus haereses (15.6) of Irenaeus of Lyons. In the opinion of the author of this paper, naming heretics as children of Satan has its source in the targumic and midrashic interpretation of Gen 4.1, according to which Cain was not the child of Adam but of the Satan-serpent. If this intuition is correct, the polemical force of this phrase would lie in the stock of the negative associations, anchored in the myth of Cain – fratricide, who shared murderous intent with his father, satan.
Journal
Year
Volume
57
Pages
115-135
Physical description
Dates
published
2018-12-16
Contributors
author
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-issn-0860-9411-volume-57-article-4122
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.