Antuza – matka św. Jana Chryzostoma w świetle starożytnych źródeł
Anthusa – the mother of saint John Chrysostom in the light of ancient sources
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The existing historiography keep silent about Anthusa, early widowed mother of St. John Chrysostom, who raised him, educated and led to Christianity. The author, who for years has been involved in the life of the mothers of the Fathers of the Church, presents her figure based on available historical sources from the first millennium, including: a). the statements of John in his own works (Dialogus de sacerdotio I; Ad viduam iuniorem 2; Epistula ad Olympiadem 6, 4), however he had never mentioned her name; b). later Lives of John, based on his own works and transmitted traditions, in which his mother is mentioned (Palladius – Dialogus de vita S. Joannis Chrysostomi, BHG 870, CPG 6037; Georgius Alexandrinus – Vita S. Joannis Chrysostomi, BHG 873, CPG 7979; anonymous Vita S. Joannis Chrysostomi abbreviate, BHG 874d; Theodorus Trimithuntius – Vita S. Joannis Chrysostomi, BHG 872, CPG 7989; Ps-Hesychius Hierosolymitanus – Laudatio S. Joannis Chrysostomi, BHG 880h, CPG 6592; Cosmas Vestitor – Vita S. Joannis Chrysostomi, BHG 876m, CPG 8147; Symeon Metaphrastes – Vita et conversatio S. Joannis Chrysostomi, BHG 875; anonymous Vita S. Joannis Chrysostomi, BHG 875d); c). the ancient histories of the Church (Socrates – HE VI 3, 1; Cassiodorus – Historia tripartita X 3).
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