PL EN


Journal
2012 | 58 | 327-342
Article title

Terminologia dotycząca pokory i pychy w pismach greckich Ojców Kościoła IV wieku

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Terminology of humility and pride in the writings of the Greek Fathers of the Church of the 4th century
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The aim of the presented paper is to analize the terminology describing humil­ity and pride that appears in the writings of the Greek Fathers of the Church of the 4th century (Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzus, Gregory of Nyssa, John Chrysostom). To describe a humility they used the traditional terms that derived from ancient philosophy and were also well known in the Septuagint and in the New Testament writings; and used in the letters by Saint Paul and Saint Peter. The ancient Greek thought didn’t know a virtue of humility, so the philosophers didn’t use the last of these terms. However, the first two were used in the ancient Greek literature, but usually in a pejora­tive sense and meant „smallness”, „weakness”, „misery”. In the works of Greek Fathers of the Church the adjective and the substantive had a wider semantic field than the substantive „virtue of humil­ity”. They could have meant the virtue of humility, as well as a natural state of abasement of man as a created being; or a humiliation caused by the sin, and even all lowliness in the world of spirit and matter. The terms associated with the pride, used by the Greek Fathers of the Church, remained unchanged since the time of ancient Greek philosophy and literature, which devoted to this fault not less space than later Christianity.
Journal
Year
Volume
58
Pages
327-342
Physical description
Dates
published
2018-12-16
Contributors
author
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-issn-0860-9411-volume-58-article-4085
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