Ontyczne konsekwencje grzechu Adama w ujęciu Maksyma Wyznawcy
Ontical consequences of Adam’s fall – Maximus the Confessor’s interpretation
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Maximus the Confessor points out that Adam’s sin totally changed the mode of existence of human nature, which has since been proliferated via procreation involving sensual pleasure. The focus on sensual pleasure is the primary consequence of Adam’s sin. Sensual experiences are not sinful as such though they are particularly vulnerable to Satan’s temptations. It is particularly dangerous when our will is weakened and inclined to choose evil. That is why Maximus links pleasure with suffering and death which are consequences of Adam’s turning to pleasure – pleasure which at the same time caused his separation from God. Despite of passibility, corruption of will and death, which directly affect human nature, there are other consequences of Adam’s sin that involve the universe as a whole. These are five divisions which destroy harmony in the cosmos: the division between man and woman, created and uncreated, sensual and intelligible, earth and heaven, settled world and paradise.
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