Władysław Gomułka was the First Secretary of the Communist Party in Poland betwe- en 1956 and 1970. There was a strong conflict between State and Catholic Church in these times. The Church was prosecuted and one of the elements of this prosecutions referred to public collection of money, which was forbidden outside churches. Persons who tried to collect money were sentenced by the administration and money was confiscated. Later the Church has developed more efficient ways of illegal collections and was successful in hi- ding the incomes coming from this source. The Church prepared big celebrations of 1 000 years of Polish Christianity in 1966. It was the biggest success of the Church in the 1960s.