PL EN


2013 | 12 | 321-351
Article title

Zasady obsady personalnej kolegiów karno-administracyjnych Polski Ludowej

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Officers of the Boards Judging Petty Offences in the People’s Republic of Poland
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
In December 1951 the collective model of judging petty offences in Poland was introdu- ced. The boards judging petty offences, with non-professionals as their members, were situated as branch of local administration. The candidates to these boards were propo- sed by the state’s enterprises and by the local societies, the members were elected by the local administration – so called “rady narodowe” (people’s councils). After the political crisis of 1956 this model was strongly criticized and non-professional members were singled as the most important reason of low level of judgments. In 1958 additional new requirement was introduced: the chairmen of the boards and their deputies had to get the university degree in legal science. The election of new members in the 60’s changed the situation and the professionals partially replaced the “social lay participants” in this kind of administration of justice. The leading positions in the boards were transferred to members of the security apparatus. As a result, the bureaucratic factor was playing the dominant role in the boards judging petty offences in the communist Poland.
Year
Volume
12
Pages
321-351
Physical description
Dates
published
2013-01-01
Contributors
author
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-issn-1732-9132-year-2013-volume-12-article-249
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