Próba reformy sądownictwa powszechnego z czasów bezkrólewia po ucieczce króla Henryka Walezego (1574)
The Attempt to Reform a Common Judiciary during the Second Interregnum Following the Departure of King Henry of Valois (1574)
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The main purpose of the paper is to present the attempt to reform a common judiciaryduring the second interregnum following the departure from Poland of King Henryof Valois in 1574. The paper focuses on the problem of the current functioning of thejudiciary during the interregnum which brought with it diﬀerent practical questions anda general idea of the Polish gentry to reconstruct the system of common judiciary in theCommonwealth. The essence of this idea was the exclusive taking over of the judiciaryby the gentry. It meant eliminating from the courts the local dignitaries comprising thecommon judiciary of the clergy and burghers. The program also provided to establish anappeal instance for all of the common courts. The project for the reform of the judiciarywas presented during the convocation in 1574 and sent for acceptance to the localassemblies. However, the assemblies didn’t agree with the idea to establish a commonappeal instance for the country but according to the constitutional law of the HenricianArticles (1573) and decision of the convocation made in the General Confederation Actthese decided to establish the appeal instances in every district. It moved a decision forestablishing the common appeal instance to the beginning of the reign of King StefanBatory (1578).
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