Jak działać dźwiękami? Komunikacja muzyczna w perspektywie performatywnej
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How to do Things with Sounds? Music as a Mode of Communication from the Performance Studies PerspectiveThe main task of the article is to consider musical education of children as an idea of developing communicational skills, comparable to the linguistic competences. The subject of an analysis in this case is an educational project “Music and play”, which has developed for over than decade in the Centre of The Children Art in Poznań. Question asked in the text is of course just a simple paraphrase of J.L. Austin’s work devoted to speech acts. This question, however, opens a possibility to consider the participation of children in music work treated as a performance. On the one hand theory of speech acts today is often extend to the non-verbal communication analysis. On the other, musical education of youth and children, which includes their activity and creativity reminds us the tradition of historical avantgarde and neo-avantgarde movement in the arts and aesthetics, since the performativity became main feature of an artistic work in XX century. In contemporary music these experiments created new forms of music work, such as instrumental theatre for example. Both the traditions, philosophical background of the speech acts theory and the practical work of the experimental music, theatre and performance art, join today in the new perspective in humanities: performance studies. Taking into account both of these traditions, article is a proposal of the research focused on education projects inspired and framed by the concept of performativity: agency, which is a precondition of critical and creative participation in communication, whatever is a tool: words or sounds.
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