Twórczość a rozwój człowieka w biegu życia
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Creativity and life-span development of manThe current paper focuses on two notions, creativity and development, with a view to verify the assumption that developmental process is closely linked with creative process. It is impossible to analyse the development of a human being unless it is assumed that it is of creative character. In addition, it is hard to define human creativity without taking into consideration the fact that it both influences and is determined by an individual level of development. This correlation seems obvious if creativity is perceived as an egalitarian feature. The ability of creation is not a dichotomy, i.e. either present or absent, but it constitutes a continuous feature, universally present in human kind. In psychology similar notions are used to define both phenomena: development and creativity. The notion of change is here of key importance, as it characterises both development and creativity. The essence of developmental change is replacing prior features of an individual by posterior ones, thus making up new entities or modifying the existing ones, with achievements constituting a foundation for further modifications. The creative activity of a human being results in creating the artefacts with characteristics exactly the same as those of the developmental changes. Individual activity, as an important factor of development, making use of human creative abilities,enables an individual to achieve their own, specific goals at different levels of biological, social and selftranscendent development.
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