Style tożsamości a rozwój rozumowania moralnego jednostki
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Styles of identity and development of moral reasoningThe researchers of moral development more and more frequently pay attention to the fact that for a better understanding of processes of moral development it is necessary to consider this development in the context of personality development, especially in the context of identity development. Erikson emphasized the union between identity and morality. According to his idea, the fifth phase of psychosocial development is closely linked with the identity crisis. During this phase an individual human being adopts a specific ideology and an ethical code. The empirical research pointed the connection existing between achievement of identity, while identity statuses were defined on the basis of Marcia’s theory, and moral reasoning focused on justice (Rowe, Marcia, 1980).Berzonsky (1989, 2001), who suggests alternative idea of identity development, differentiates 3 types of identity: informational, normative and diffuse/avoidant. As he claims, the style of identity represents a particular strategy of problem solving and defines the approach of an individual towards decision making, particularly decisions important to his or her personal identity and the life path. The article presents the results of research which aim is to investigate the relationship between Berzonsky’s styles of identity and the level of socio-moral development.
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