Autonomia emocjonalna oraz rozumienie i doświadczanie bliskości przez młodzież
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Emotional Autonomy, Understanding and Experiencing Closeness during AdolescenceThe article presents the results of research on the development of emotional autonomy and on understanding and experiencing closeness during adolescence. The research was based on theories concerning processes of individuation (Blos) and works on closeness defined as “inclusion of other in the self” (Kelley). In the course of the study two scales: Emotional Autonomy Scale (EAS) and Inclusion of Other in the Self Scale (IOS) were used. The results allow to formulate three general conclusions: (1) emotional autonomy increases with age; (2) some aspects of emotional autonomy seem to be “change-proof” (e.g. perceiving parents as people); (3) understanding and experiencing closeness don’t seem to correspond with age. Two scales used in the research are recommended as valuable measurements. It refers especially to IOS, which is simple in use and allows making comparisons across different populations and situations.
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