Zakon krzyżacki wobec Polski i Litwy w latach 1411–1414
Languages of publication
The Teutonic Order’s attitude towards Poland and Lithuania in the years 1411–1414 The „eternal peace” between Poland, Lithuania and the Teutonic Order, ratified on 10 May 1411, turned out to be an extremely impermanent agreement. The first symptoms of a crisis appeared already in September of the same year, when at a session held in Kujawy, a mixed court of arbitration decided that the Polish-Lithuanian side strives toward a revision of the Toruń agreements. The Order reacted instantly by implementing a military draft action and striking up a cooperation with the King of Rome as well as the Hungarian King Sigismund of Luxemburg who from the very beginning contested the Toruń truce. The author of the article analyzes minutely the diplomatic efforts of all sides of the conflict as well as the propaganda campaign of the Order and the simultaneous preparations to a new war which had led to the removal of Henry von Plauen from the post of the Grand Master. The Order’s return to the negotiation table, did not put an end to the threat of an armed conflict, as Poland had presented a maximum program of territorial claims, sygnalizing clearly that it is not interested in negotiations. Ultimately in July 1414, Ladislaus Jagiello and Alexander Witold had sent warning letters to Malbork, thereby initiating the so called hunger war. The events of 1411–1414 had shown that the Teutonic Order was at that becoming to an increasing extent the subject, and not the object of international policy.
Publication order reference