PL EN


2014 | 141 | 4 |
Article title

Psychologiczne motywacje żołnierskiej brawury w świetle badań nad antyczną inwektywą

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Psychologial motivations of soldierly bravado in the light of research on ancient terms of abuseThe contemporary research on the psychology of the battle field should take into consideration the fact that the ancients did not approach the phenomena relating to the sphere of psychology thoughtlessly and unreflectively, yet they looked upon them in a slightly different manner than the contemporary scholars. It was already Plato who defined the difference between the unequivocally positive courage resulting from the decision of the mind, and audacity being the fruit of extra-rational or non-rational conditionings.  The latter appraised positively or else in an ambivalent way in military circles, is regarded as one of the most strongly criticized faults in the political discourse. This ambivalence is well visible in the work of Ammianus Marcellinus which having been written at the close of the ancient era, may be perceived as the epitome of the ancient viewpoint also as regards this issue. An analysis of the various uses of the term audacia with reference to soldierly bravado reveals both the distinction between this attitude and real fortitude (fortitude), as well as its ambivalent appraisal. It seems that the reason of such an ambivalent appraisal may be the ancient man’s fear of those aspects of the human psyche which elude the control of the mind.
Year
Volume
141
Issue
4
Physical description
Dates
published
2014
online
2014-01-14
Contributors
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-issn-2084-4069-year-2014-volume-141-issue-4-article-5356
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.