PL EN


2012 | 45 | 1 | 67–76
Article title

Sallekhana jako przykład śmierci wolitywnej

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Sallekhana as an Example of a Socially Imprinted Death
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Socially imprinted death is a concept introduced by Marcel Mauss and related to many different phenomena, one of which is the ritual death by fasting still present in contemporary Jainism. Sallekhana is a traditional ritual once performed by chiefs, kings, brave warriors and holy monks, and is therefore linked to bravery, strength, salvation, and makes the person who performs it a hero. On the other hand, by the letter of the law sallekhana is merely suicide, extreme violence against the self, and as it requires the professional guidance of a monk and is performed mostly by elderly people it is often seen as an act of euthanasia. Both of these acts are forbidden by Indian law and should be perceived as something far from heroic. This article explains various layers of the paradox of sallekhana, as a phenomenon having opposite meanings at the same time – like being violent and being against all violence, and dealing with many obstacles when it comes to social practice. It also investigates several ways such a death is embedded in and accepted by both the society and religion, and how it interprets and pushes to its limits the general rules and the complex ideology of Jainism.
Year
Volume
45
Issue
1
Pages
67–76
Physical description
Dates
online
2012-09-20
Contributors
  • Instytut Religioznawstwa UJ
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ojs-issn-2084-4077-year-2011-volume-45-issue-1-article-2464
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