When World War II ended, the problem of childcare was beyond the capabilities of Poland. Therefore, Poland appealed to social organizations for help in organizing care for children, victims of the World War II. Many social organizations responded to this appeal, including established in 1919 the Workers' Society of Friends of Children (WSFC), and established in 1946 the Peasant Society of Friends of Children (PSFC). These societies provided thousands of Polish children with temporary and holistic care (nurseries, kindergartens, rural seasonal kindergartens, educational centers, day camps, summer camps, orphanages) as well as health care (sanatoriums, clinics, hospitals, vaccinations. Moreover, they provided educational services not only for children but also for their parents and educators. In the most difficult times for Poland, after World War II, WSFC and PSFC provided extensive care and educational activities that allowed children to return to normal life.