In the proposed article, the authors set out to consider whether the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) still has the resources for a new reintegration. This question has been raised for a long time by the leaders and political elites of the CIS member States, the history of the formation and development of the Commonwealth, experts and experts, internal and external conditions and circumstances related to the most incredible combinations with the past, present and future of the CIS. We solved the problem of classification and analysis of information available in the public domain: documents, events and facts, representations and views of leaders and elites, experts and specialists. Such a broad task has a significant limitation-only a political view of events, facts, assessments and judgments. Such a broad task has a significant limitationonly a political view of events, facts, assessments and judgments. The results of the study are expressed in the following terms: a) the present and future of the CIS is in the grip of a contradiction between the favorable for the effective development of the countries’ natural, material and human resources, on the one hand, and the stable vices and weaknesses of political governance and governance, on the other; between the natural interests and desires of the peoples of the Commonwealth countries to develop integration for the benefit of the common good and in their rational oligarchic elite demands and selfish policies that objectively lead only to profit by any means; b) to date, the CIS, despite encouraging statements from the leaders and part of the political elite, is on the verge of a systemic crisis as a consequence of a non-critical and delayed reaction to the causes of the crisis and inadequate internal and external challenges reactions and leadership of Russia, and the leaders and elites of a number of CIS member countries; c) the construction of an updated and effective system of relations within the CIS will largely depend on the level and quality of changes in the political and economic segment of the Russian Federation; g) the signs of the Imperial power of the model of behaviour of Russia in the former Soviet Union, increasing the conflict potential of the political processes in the Commonwealth, show the possibility of the destruction of the CIS, and the urgency of replacing Imperial-the Imperial power politics, the spiritual and the enlightened; the CIS is still relevant-political concept, gradually acquiring value and meaning purely historical concept, which in its transformation remains a resource and a potential birth of a new organization – greater Eurasia with the inclusion of all States of the Commonwealth and the region.