Mane, Tekel, Fares. Zanik świętości i zanik Polskiego Państwa Podziemnego w wierszu Tadeusza Różewicza serce podchodzi do gardła
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The text is an interpretation of the poem serce podchodzi do gardła [heart rises to throat] from the volume Wyjście [Exit], pointing out the elements of Różewicz’s self-lustration after 2004. Whereas the poet previously used to explain his involvement in communism with objective necessity (so-called building of poetry after Auschwitz), 15 years after Poland’s independence, Różewicz justifies his involvement through a manipulated post-war biography and a Biblical vision of a personal and national disaster. Regardless of the view of the legitimacy of such reasoning, the poem bears evidence to full understanding that the year of 1989 has changed the criteria for evaluation of attitudes, and these, in turn, shed a new light on the issue of the poet’s forced desertion from a Home Army unit in November 1944 and participation in the “civil disgrace”. The article also attempts to pay attention to the tragedy of that decision and its psychological, political and military conditioning. Indirectly, it also evidences the necessity to write a new history of the post-war literature from the perspective of the regained independence.
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