Znaczenie pojęcia „natura” w doktrynie politycznej Thomasa Hobbesa na tle koncepcji zoon politikon
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Piotr Świercz, The meaning of notion „nature” in the political doctrine of Thomas Hobbes against a background of „zoon politikon” conception. The main aim of this article is to examine meaning of “nature”, “stateof nature” and “natural condition of mankind” in the political doctrineof Thomas Hobbes. It should be emphasised that is a matter of notion“nature”, not a Hobbes’ description of natural state. Some posibilitiesare taken into consideration: “nature” as an essence, “nature” (“stateof nature”) as a wildness, “nature” as opposed to “artificial”, “nature”as an abstract conception of human individual. To emphasize the importanceof title problem, it’s showed against a background of classical(greek and christian) idea of zoon politikon. It seemed justified becauseHobbes’ political doctrine is considered (even by Hobbes) as opposedto classical understanding of human nature. In the recapitulation ofthis thesis author tries to indicate the reasons of Hobbes’ doctrine obscurityand consequences of this obscurity for modern political ideas.
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