Legitimation and the construction of social order
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Research objective: The aim of the article is to analyse selected sociological theories of legitimation. The research objective is to provide an answer to the question about the meanings and functions of legitimation in the process of the discursive construction of social order. The research problems and methods: Legitimation is analysed in the text both as a concept describing a specific state of social reality (static approach) and as a discursive strategy in which language plays a dominant role (dynamic approach). The main research method used in the text is a content analysis of selected sociological concepts of legitimation. The process of argumentation: The first part presents the meaning of legitimation in a static approach, which depends on the theoretical paradigm used. The second part presents an analysis of the interactionist-phenomenological concept of legitimation, which reveals its basic function as an element within the construction of social order. In the third part, legitimation is analyzed in a dynamic approach, as a discursive strategy that can significantly complement the diverse conglomerate of discourse theory. The conclusion emphasizes the role of legitimation in a situation of uncertainty and social crises. Research results: The study of the process of legitimation as an element responsible for the stability of the constructed social order is important especially in situations of community crisis, The most appropriate area for testing legitimation is discourse, and the research material would include articulations, meanings and language. Conclusions, innovations, and recommendations: Deepening the meaning of legitimation in sociological theories can contribute to their easier and fuller use in the study of specific research materials. This can contribute not only to a better understanding of sociological theories, but also deepen knowledge about the mechanisms that govern society.
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