Perspektywy rozwoju nadzoru epidemiologicznego. Kilka uwag na przykładzie mapowania chorób
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Prospects for the Development of Epidemiological Supervision: Some Remarks Inspired by Disease Mapping The article is dedicated to pointing out and discussing the challenges which appear for epidemiological supervisory authorities in the face of globalisation. The research area determined in this way has necessitated the papers division in three parts. The first part offers analysis of the International Health Regulations (IHR) which are the basis of the global epidemiological supervision system. The decision instruments necessary to estimate the risk in case of infectious diseases will be determined in the light of these regulations. The deliberations will also touch upon the issue, interesting from many points of view, of a unilateral mixed act in case of which the international aspects are accompanied by issuing legally binding national decisions. These problems are well illustrated by the solutions contained in Article 32b(2) and Article 33 of the Act of 5 December 2008 on the Prevention and Control of Human Infections and Infectious Diseases. In the second part, the analysis will cover two aspects of health administration, i.e. social and cognitive agility. In this context, the problems of limited rationality will be presented. The third part of the publication, features an extremely interesting problem related to the so-called spatial epidemiology dealing with mapping of the location and intensity of diseases. Determining appropriate repositories, using the information based on unofficial reports and activities of electronic media and community portals in it, will be important for the analysis conducted. It is significant because increasingly frequent are views that the progress in epidemics control can be achieved through using the so-called cognitive surplus appearing on the basis of crowdsourcing in the decision-making process.
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