Apostles as an evidence of Jesus’ divinity (Matt. 10, 2)
Apostołowie dowodem boskości Jezusa (Mt 10, 2)
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In the paper, the idea and the functions of Apostles is discussed in the context of 1st century Judaism. The main characteristics for the rabbis’ disciples are presented according Talmudic writings and the documents found in Qumran. It was found that it was not customary to appoint ‘messengers’ from among the disciples for any specific purpose apart of usual things that a messenger could do in the name of someone who sent him. Since the word “apostles” appears only once in the Matthew Gospel (which is proved to be the most ‘Jewish’ New Testament book) in the specific context, it could be considered as a remez (a hint) pointing out some important issue. In fact, three main functions assigned to Apostles by their Master, seen in Jewish context of 1st century discipleship, were the clear evidence of Jesus’ divinity.
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