PL EN


2015 | 7(43) | 1 | 23-42
Article title

Forever (Un)stable Regimes? The Comparison of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

Authors
Title variants
PL
Wiecznie (nie)stabilne systemy? Porównanie Kazachstanu i Kirgistanu
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan are following different trajectories in terms of stability and leadership. On the one hand, the Kazakh president, Nazarbayev, successfully manages issues within the country, on the other hand Kyrgyzstan has fallen into a period of protests, revolutions and instability in 2005–2010. The article focuses on three dimensions in order to explain this difference: political performance, economic performance and security performance. Despite a huge contrast in economic conditions, Kyrgyz presidents could be successful in maintaining their positions. However, the use of similar tools like in Kazakhstan in political and security areas failed because of state-building effort almost in the whole history of independent Kyrgyzstan.
PL
Drogi przemian politycznych, stabilności i przywództwa są różne w przypadku Kazachstanu i Kirgistanu. Z jednej strony, prezydent Kazachstanu N. Nazarbajew z powodzeniem poradził sobie ze skalą problemów dotykających jego państwo, z drugiej strony, w latach 2005-2010 Kirgistan znalazł się na etapie protestów, rewolucji i niestabilności. W celu wyjaśnienia różnic między systemami politycznymi tych dwóch państw, autor skupia się w niniejszym artykule na trzech wymiarach: politycznym, ekonomicznym i poziomie bezpieczeństwa. Pomimo ogromnej różnicy ekonomicznej między tymi państwami, prezydenci Kirgistanu mogą być postrzegani jako skuteczni w utrzymywaniu swojej pozycji. Jednak, mimo korzystania z podobnych narzędzi (zasobów) – jak w Kazachstanie – w kwestiach politycznych i bezpieczeństwa, niemal w całej historii niepodległego Kirgistanu budowa efektywnego państwa nie została zrealizowana w sposób pomyślny.
Contributors
author
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-33152bd3-2c47-4391-a4d0-dff29860896f
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