2017 | 63 | 79-84
Article title

Użytkowe znaczenie ochry w społecznościach z okresu kultur Natufijskiej oraz PPNA na terenach bliskowschodnich

Title variants
The significance of the use of Ochre in the Natufian and Pre-Pottery Neolithic cultures in the territory of the Near East
Languages of publication
Ochra, składająca się z tlenków lub wodorotlenków żelaza, stanowi nietoksyczny i stabilny chemicznie minerał, mający wiele zastosowań. Przede wszystkim jest łączona z zastosowaniem sakralnym, jako, że występuje w pochówkach z okresów kultur Natufijskiej i Neolitu Preceramicznego na terenach Bliskiego Wschodu. Jednak dokładna analiza kontekstów archeologicznych, w jakich odnaleziono pigment, wskazuje również na jej użytkowe znaczenie. Ze względu na jej właściwości antyseptyczne i wysuszające, miała zastosowanie w medycynie, ale również przy wyprawianiu skór. Jej ślady odkryto także w lepiszczach, utrzymujących segmenty kamienne w oprawach kościanych lub drewnianych. Dalsze teorie są budowane natomiast na podstawie analogii etnograficznych.
Ochre, consisting of iron oxides or hydroxides, is an non-toxic and chemically stable mineral, that could be used in many ways. Firstly, it is connected to sacral context, as it occurred in many graves from Natufian and Pre-Pottery Neolithic cultures on the terrain of Near East. But exact analysis of the phenomenon indicate, that the ochre was also common in usage contexts. Because of its antiseptic and drying features, it was used in medicine and during the processing of hides. Ochre has also been traced in mastics, used to fit a segment tool into wooden or bone handles. Further theories are based on ethnographic analogies.
Physical description
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Document Type
Publication order reference
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