PL EN


2010 | 2(12) | 112-131
Article title

Ograniczenia planowania : powstawanie instytucji i zmiany instytucjonalne

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
The Limits of Design : Explaining Institutional Origins and Change
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Jak dotąd politolodzy zwracali o wiele większą uwagę na efekty działania instytucji niż na kwestie związane z ich genezą i zachodzącymi w nich zmianami. W rezultacie można zaobserwować tendencję do opierania się na modelach otwarcie lub domyślnie nawiązujących do funkcjonalizmu, czyli takich, które uzasadniają obecność danych instytucji poprzez skutki ich działań. Efekty te rzeczywiście mogą stanowić część takiego wyjaśnienia, jednak to, w jakim stopniu podejście funkcjonalne odzwierciedla rzeczywistość, zależy od istnienia szeregu sprzyjających warunków na etapie planowania lub obecności środowisk wymuszających uczenie się bądź konkurencję. Analizując zmienność w odpowiednich kontekstach społecznych, można ograniczyć wachlarz dostępnych modeli funkcjonalnych, a także wytyczyć pewne obiecujące kierunki badań nad genezą instytucji i zmian, którym ulegały.
EN
Political scientists have paid much more attention to the eff ects of institutions than to issues of institutional origins and change. One result has been a marked tendency to fall back on implicit or explicit functional accounts, in which the eff ects of institutions explain the presence of those institutions. Institutional eff ects may indeed provide part of such an explanation. Yet the plausibility of functional accounts depends upon either a set of favorable conditions at the design stage or the presence of environments conducive to learning or competition. Exploring variability in the relevant social contexts makes it possible to both establish the restricted range of functional accounts and specify some promising lines of inquiry into the subject of institutional origins and change.
Contributors
author
  • Harvard University, USA
References
  • Alchian A.A. (1950). "Uncertainty, Evolution and Economic Theory", Journal of Political Economy, nr 58, s. 211-221.
  • Arthur W.B. (1994). Increasing Returns and Path Dependence in the Economy. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Axelrod R. (1984). The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books.
  • Bachrach P., Baratz M. (1962). "Two Faces of Power", American Political Science Review, nr 56, s. 947-952.
  • Bates R., Shepsle K. (1997). "Intertemporal Institutions", w: J. Drobak, J. Nye (red.), The Frontiers of New Institutional Economics. New York: Academic Press.
  • Calvert R.L. (1995). "Rational Actors, Equilibrium, and Social Institutions", w: J. Knight, I. Sened (red.), Explaining Social Institutions. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, s. 57-93.
  • Clemens E.S. (1999). "Politics and Institutionalism: Explaining Durability and Change", Review of Sociology, nr 25, s. 441-466.
  • David P. (1985). "Clio and the Economics of QWERTY", American Economic Review, nr 75, s. 332-337.
  • Denzau A.D., North D.C. (1994). "Shared Mental Models: Ideologies and Institutions", Kyklos, nr 47(1), s. 3-31.
  • Elias N. (1956). "Involvement and Detachment". British Journal of Sociology, nr 7(3), s. 226-252.
  • Elster J., Off e C., Preuss U.K. (1998). Institutional Design in Post-Communist Societies. Rebuilding the Ship at Sea. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Garrett G. (1995). "The Politics of Legal Integration in the European Union", International Organization, nr 49, s. 171-181.
  • Goodin R.E. (1996). "Institutions and Their Design", w: R.E. Goodin (red.), The Theory of Institutional Design. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Green D., Shapiro I. (1994). Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory. A Critique of Applications in Political Science. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Greider W. (1982). Th e Education of David Stockman and Other Americans. New York: Dutton.
  • Hacker J. (1998). "Th e Historical Logic of National Health Insurance: Structure and Sequence in the Development of British, Canadian, and U.S. Medical Policy", Studies in American Political Development, nr 12(1), s. 57-130.
  • Hall P. (1993). "Policy Paradigms, Social Learning, and the State: The Case of Economic Policymaking in Britain". Comparative Politics, April, s. 275-296.
  • Hall P., Taylor R.C.R. (1996). "Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms", Political Studies, nr 44, s. 936-957.
  • Hansen J.M. (1991). Gaining Access: Congress and the Farm Lobby, 1919-1981. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Hardin G. (1963). "The Cybernetics of Competition", Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, nr 7, s. 8-84.
  • Hayek F. (1973). Law, Legislation, and Liberty: Rules and Order. London: Routledge.
  • Heclo H. (1974). Modern Social Politics in Britain and Sweden. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Hirsch F. (1977). The Social Limits to Growth.
  • Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Jepperson R.L. (1994). Relations Between Different Theoretical Imageries (with Application to Institutionalism). Unpublished manuscript. Stanford University.
  • Jervis R. (1997). System Effects: Complexity in Political and Social Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Kahler M. (1999). "Evolution, Choice, and International Change", w: D.A. Lake, R. Powell (red.), Strategic Choice and International Relations, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Keohane R.O. (1984). After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Knight J. (1995). "Models, Interpretations, and Thoories: Constructing Explanations of Institutional Emergence and Change", w: J. Knight, I. Sened (red.), Explaining Social Institutions. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, s. 95-119.
  • Krasner S. (1989). "Sovereignty: An Institutional Perspective", w: J.A. Caporaso (red.), The Elusive State: International and Comparative Perspectives, New bury Park, CA: Sage.
  • Krehbiel K. (1991). Information and Legislative Organization. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Kreps D. (1990). A Course in Microeconomic Theory. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
  • Lange P. (1993). "The Maastricht Social Protocol: Why Did They Do It?", Politics and Society, nr 21, s. 5-36.
  • Levitt B., March J.G. (1988). "Organizational Learning", Annual Review of Sociology, nr 14, s. 319-340.
  • Lindblom Ch.E. (1959). "The Science of Muddling Through", Public Administration Review, nr 19(2), s. 79-88.
  • March J., Olson J. (1989). Rediscovering Institutions: The Organizational Basis of Politics. New York: Free Press.
  • Meyer J.W., Rowan B. (1977). "Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony", American Journal of Sociology, nr 83(2), s. 340-363.
  • Moe T. (1984). "The New Economics of Organization", American Journal of Political Science, nr 28, s. 739-777.
  • Moe T. (1990). "The Politics of Structural Choice: Toward a Theory of Public Bureaucracy", w: O.E. Williamson (red.), Organization Theory: From Chester Barnard to the Present and Beyond. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • North D.C. (1990a). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • North D.C. (1990b). "A Transaction Cost Theory of Politics", Journal of Theoretical Politics, nr 2(4), s. 355-367.
  • North D.C. (1993). "Institutions and Credible Commitment", Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, nr 149(l), s. 11-23.
  • North D.C., Weingast B.R. (1989). "Constitutions and Commitment: The Evolution of Institutions Governing Public Choice in Seventeenth Century England. Journal of Economic History, nr 49, s. 803-832.
  • Page B., Shapiro R. (1992). The Rational Public: Fifty Years of Trends in Americans' Policy Preferences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Perrow Ch. (1984). Normal Accidents. New York: Basic Books.
  • Persson T., Tabellini G. (red.) (1994). Monetary and Fiscal Policy (2 vols.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Pierson P. (2000). "Increasing Returns, Path Dependence, and the Study of Politics", American Political Science Review, nr 94(2), s. 251-267.
  • Powell W.W., DiMaggio P. (red.) (1991). The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Riker W.H. (1955). "The Senate and American Federalism", American Political Science Review, nr 49, s. 452-469.
  • Scharpf F.W. (1997). Games Real Actors Play. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  • Schelling T. (1978). Micromotives and Macrobehavior. New York: Norton.
  • Shepsle K.A. (1986). "Institutional Equilibrium and Equilibrium Institutions", w: H.F. Weisberg (red.), Political Science: The Science of Politics. New York: Agathon Press.
  • Shepsle K.A. (1989). "Studying Institutions: Lessons from the Rational Choice Approach", Journal of Theoretical Politics, nr 1, s. 131-147.
  • Shepsle K.A. (1991). "Discretion, Institutions and the Problem of Government Commitment", w: P. Bourdieu, J. Coleman (red.), Social Theory for a Changing Society. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  • Soskice D., Bates R., Epstein D. (1992). "Ambition and Constraint: The Stabilizing Role of Institutions", Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, nr 8(3), s. 547-560.
  • Spruyt H. (1994). The Sovereign State and Its Competitors. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Tsebelis G. (1990). Nested Games: Rational Choice in Comparative Politics. Berkeley - Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • Van Parijs Ph. (1982). "Perverse Effects and Social Contradictions: Analytical Vindication of Dialectics?", British Journal of Sociology, nr 33, s. 589-603.
  • Watts R.L. (1987). "The American Constitution in Comparative Perspective: A Comparison of Canada and the United States", Journal of American History, nr 74, s. 769-791.
  • Weingast B.R., Marshall W.J. (1988). "The Industrial Organization of Congress; or, Why Legislatures, Like Firms, Are Not Organized as Markets", Journal of Political Economy, nr 96, s. 132-163.
  • Williamson O.E. (1975). Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications. Chicago: Free Press.
  • Williamson O.E. (1993). "Transaction Cost Economics and Organization Theory", Industrial and Corporate Change, nr 2, s. 107-156.
  • Winter S.G. (1986). "Comments on Arrow and on Lucas", w: R.M. Hogarth, M.W. Reder (red.), Rational Choice: The Contrast between Economics and Psychology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-775f7c64-6680-41e8-8bb6-d5d67be10519
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.