Lifelong learning is one of the long-term strategic objectives of the European Union. The concept has evolved from an academic theory into an essential part of the performance and development of companies, institutions, organizations and individuals with various levels of education, age and work experience. Innovative research and development projects and their transfer to the real economy play a special role in that concept. This paper presents Renewed European Agenda for Adult Learning for years 2012 -2014. It points out the areas and the role of innovative research in the development of the knowledge-based economy. The paper lays out ways to promote innovation and facilitate commercialization of scientific research and discusses the main barriers (i.e. lack of talents, insufficient protection of intellectual property rights, complex procedures, low research spending). It also presents the list of innovation and entrepreneurship hubs in Poland.