The article presents a historical-political-religious development of the Filipino society as well as State – Church relation, towards independence. First it descripted the methods of the Spanish colonisation and Christianisation (as a Catholicism or from Catholic standpoint). For almost 330 years they ruled over the islands; the Spanish colonial government was supported by loyal colonial Church (Spanish bishops and religious friars). The consequences of such colonial rule were growing national identity, nationalism, and revolution towards political and religious independence. This process was exploited by Americans who used it for them; thus, it began a new colonisation, this time an American one – till 1946. In historiography the American colonisation is known as Americanisation, which meant the introduction of religious freedom as well as pure and true Christianity, secular education and free press and Protestantization of the islands (propagating the Protestant denominations) and the separation of Church and State.