2011 | 12 - Problemy bogactwa i biedy we współczesnej Afryce | 367-391
Article title

Sudańskie dylematy - między bogactwem pomocy a nędzą rzeczywistości

Title variants
Sudanese dilemmas - between riches of help and misery of reality
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The question if Sudan is a rich or poor country brings different answers. Misery has always been understood in different ways in various cultures. In Africa misery is not always in contrast to wealth. In the case of Southern Sudan case you can look for the reasons for misery in the long-standing civil war. This war lasted nearly continuously from gaining independence in 1956 to signing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005. The wartime caused devastation of the environment, the whole habitat and collapse of functioning of traditional social-economic forms of the local tribes. International community has promised to help Southern Sudan. Is Sudan - after five years since the peace agreement was signed getting richer? How are the non-governmental organizations working in this area? Are they helping? The situation of Southern Sudan after signing the peace agreement was very unstable. The balance of the long-standing war evokes dread even in estimation - about 2 million victims and over 4 million refugees. The humanitarian situation is one of the worst in the world, what is more, local fights are still taking place there. As a result of the peace agreement Southern Sudan is now an autonomic region with its own government, its dominant members are people from one tribe - Dinka, which just intensifies the conflicts between the tribes. International organizations which bring help in Southern Sudan work there on a few levels. It should create some logical entirety, however it causes problems in vindication of the donor's money. The most important players are donors - they divide funds among the United Nations Agencies and different types of non-governmental organizations. After the United Nations, the World Bank and the European Union are the most visible activists in the South. The situation of Southern Sudan is an undeniable proof of the phenomenon of poverty spreading extensively. Economists claim that the main reason for the poverty is lack of capital. Southern Sudan is, however, one of the poorest regions in the world, even though millions of dollars of international aid flow there every year.
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