PL EN


2008 | 4 | 1 | 131-157
Article title

A Relevance-Theoretic Classification of Jokes

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Relevance Theory pictures communication as an inferential activity that adjusts, in parallel, the explicit content of utterances, the implicated premises and conclusions that can be derived, and the right amount of contextual information needed to obtain them. When applied to jokes, a relevance-theoretic classification may be proposed depending on whether the humorist plays with the audience's inferential activity aimed at an explicit interpretation, with the audience's inference devoted to deriving implications or with their access to the right amount and quality of contextual information needed to obtain relevant interpretations. In this paper three types of jokes are proposed which focus on these aspects. A fourth type is also added, but this time referred to broad contextual assumptions on social or cultural values of society that are targeted by humorists.
Publisher
Year
Volume
4
Issue
1
Pages
131-157
Physical description
Dates
published
2008-01-01
online
2008-05-15
Contributors
author
  • University of Alicante
References
  • Yus, Francisco. "Relevance theory." In Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics Vol. 10, 2nd edition, edited by Keith Brown, 512-519. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006.
  • Yus, Francisco. "Relevance theory." In The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis, edited by Bernd Heine and Heiko Narrog. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008 (forthcoming).
  • Carston, Robyn. "Relevance theory and the saying/implicating distinction." UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 13 (2001): 1-34, doi: 10.1002/9780470756959.ch28.[Crossref]
  • Curcó, Carmen. "Some observations on the pragmatics of humorous interpretations. A relevance-theoretic approach." UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 7 (1995): 27-47.
  • Curcó, Carmen. "The implicit expression of attitudes, mutual manifestness and verbal humour." UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 8 (1996): 89-99.
  • Curcó, Carmen. "Relevance and the manipulation of the incongruous: some explorations of verbal humour." In Proceedings of the University of Hertfordshire Relevance Theory Workshop, edited by Marjolein Groefsema, 68-72. Chelmsford: Peter Thomas and Associates, 1997.
  • Oaks, Dalin D. "Creating structural ambiguities in humor: getting English grammar to cooperate." Humor 7 (1994): 377-401.
  • Ritchie, Graeme. "Developing the incongruity-resolution theory." In Proceedings of AISB Symposium on Creative Language: Stories and Humour, 78-85. Edinburgh, 1999.
  • Ritchie, Graeme. "Metaphors in conversational context: Toward a connectivity theory of metaphor interpretation." Metaphor and Symbol 19.4 (2004a): 265-287, doi: 10.1207/s15327868ms1904_2.[Crossref]
  • Ritchie, Graeme. The Linguistic Analysis of Jokes. London: Routledge, 2004b.
  • Sperber, Dan and Deirdre Wilson. Relevance: Communication and Cognition, 2nd edition. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995.
  • Sperber, Dan and Deirdre Wilson. "Pragmatics, modularity and mind-reading." Mind and Language 17.1-2 (2002): 3-23.
  • Suls, Jerry M. "A two-stage model for the appreciation of jokes and cartoons: An information-processing analysis." In The Psychology of Humor, edited by Jeffrey H. Goldstein and Paul E. McGhee, 81-100. New York: Academic Press, 1972.
  • Wilson, Deirdre. "Relevance and understanding." In Language and Understanding, edited by Gillian Brown, Kirsten Malmkjær, Alastair Pollit and John Williams, 35-58. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Wilson, Deirdre. and Robyn Carston. "Metaphor, relevance and the ‘emergent property’ issue." Mind & Language 21.3 (2006): 404-433, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0017.2006.00284.x.[Crossref]
  • Yus, Francisco. "La teoría de la relevancia y la estrategia humorística de la incongruencia-resolución." Pragmalingüística 3-4 (1997): 497-508.
  • Yus, Francisco. "A decade of relevance theory." Journal of Pragmatics 30 (1998): 305-345, doi: 10.1016/S0378-2166(98)00015-0.[Crossref]
  • Yus, Francisco. "Misunderstandings and explicit/implicit communication." Pragmatics 9.4 (1999): 487-517.
  • Yus, Francisco. "Stand-up comedy and cultural spread: The case of sex roles." Babel A.F.I.A.L., Special Issue on Humor Studies (2002): 245-292.
  • Yus, Francisco. "Humor and the search for relevance." Journal of Pragmatics 35 (2003): 1295-1331, doi: 10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00179-0.[Crossref]
  • Yus, Francisco. "Pragmatics of humorous strategies in El club de la comedia" In Current Trends in the Pragmatics of Spanish, edited by Rosina Márquez-Reiter and Maria Elena Placencia, 320-344. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2004.
  • Yus, Francisco. "Dave Allen's stand-up monologues: An epidemiological approach." In Thistles. A Homage to Brian Hughes. Vol. 2: Essays in Memoriam, edited by José Mateo and Francisco Yus, 317-344. Alicante: University of Alicante, Department of English Studies, 2005.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.doi-10_2478_v10016-008-0004-4
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.